Business Management Prophet Muhammad PBUH
What business you run today? The business run by him (saws), someone who never studied business management in university but is able to change the world civilization and economic control of the ummah.
Birth of the Prophet Muhammad is an event that is unequaled in the history of mankind, because its presence has opened a new era in the development of world civilization and even the universe (Rahmatul-lil’alamin 21: 107) He was the last messenger of Allah SWT as the bearer of goodness and benefit for all mankind. Michael Hart in his book, put him as number one in the list of a hundred people who had an enormous influence in history. Hart said, “Muhammad was chosen to occupy the first position in the order of one hundred most influential world leaders, because he is the only man who had the greatest success in both areas at once: the religious and temporal”.
The success of the Prophet Muhammad has been much discussed by historians, historians both Islamic and Western historians. One side of the success of the Prophet Muhammad is his work as a trader (entrepreneur). However, the life of the Prophet Muhammad as traders and entrepreneurs received less attention among scholars on the momentum of the Prophet’s birthday. Therefore, in commemoration of the Birth of the Prophet Muhammad in 1436 H, we need to reconstruct the tijarah / business Prophet Muhammad, in particular business management, he applied so as to achieve spectacular success in his time.
Business Activities Muhammad PBUH
Prophet Muhammad’s PBUH reputation in the business world Muhaddits reported among others by Abdul Razzaq. When reaching adulthood, he chose jobs as a trader / entrepreneur. At the moment not yet have the capital, he became manager of trading the investors (Shohibul mall) is based on a revenue sharing system. A large investor Makkah, Khadijah bint Khuwailid ra, appointed him as manager to Habshah trade center in Yemen. His skills as an entrepreneur have brought huge profits for him and his investors. None of the types of businesses he dealt got the loss. He is also four times to lead an expedition to trade for Khadijah r.a Syria, Jorash, and Bahrain in the east of the Arabian Peninsula.
In the historical literature mentioned that around youth, the Prophet many described as Al-Amin or al-Siddiq and even had attended his uncle’s trade to Syria at the age of the children, 12 years.
More than twenty years of Prophet Muhammad active in the field of entrepreneurship (trades), so that he was known in Yemen, Syria, Basra, Iraq, Jordan, and trading cities in the Arabian Peninsula. However, in-depth description of the experience and skills of its trading less acquire observations during this time.
Since before becoming mudharib (fund manager) of property Khadijah r.a , he often did business trip, such as to the city of Busra in Syria and Yemen. In Halabiyah Sirah told, he could do four trips a trade for Khadijah, two to Abyssinia and two more to Jorasy, as well as to Yemen along Maisarah. He also did several trips to Bahrain and Abyssinia. Trade trip to Syria is traveling on behalf of Khadijah fifth, in addition to the sixth-alone journey, including a journey undertaken with his uncle when the Prophet was 12 years old.
In the mid 30s, he was heavily involved in the trade like most other merchants. Three of the travel trade Prophet after marriage, has been recorded in history: the first, a trade trip to Yemen, secondly, to Najd, and the third to Najran. Told also that in addition to the trips, the Prophet was involved in the affairs of big business, during the Hajj season, at festivals and Dhul-Majaz Ukaz trade. While the other seasons, the Prophet was busy taking care of wholesale markets of Makkah. In conducting its business Prophet Muhammad clearly applying management principles that accurate and reliable so that the business remains profitable and never lose.
Implementation of business management
Long before Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915) and Henry Fayol raised the principle of management as a discipline, the Prophet Muhammad PBUH. have implemented management values in life and business practices. He has been very well manage processes, transactions, and business relationships with all elements of the business as well as those who look at it. How would he manage his business, Prof. Afzalul Rahman in the book Muhammad A Trader, said:
Muhammad did his dealing honestly and fairly and never Gave his customers to complain. He always kept his promise and delivered on time the goods of quality mutually agreed between the parties. He always Showed a gread sense of responsibility and integrity in dealing with other people “.
In fact, he said:
His reputation as an honest and truthful trader was well established while he was still in his early youth”.
Based on the writings Afzalurrahman above, it is known that the Prophet Muhammad was a merchant who is honest and fair in making a business agreement. He never makes customers complain. He often keep its promise and hand over the goods in a timely message. He always showed a great sense of responsibility and high integrity with anyone. His reputation as an honest merchant and really has been widely known since he was young.
The basics of ethics and management of the business, has received religious legitimacy after he was appointed as the Prophet. The principles of business ethics who inherited increasingly justified academically at the end of the 20th century or the beginning of the 21st century. Principles of modern business, such as customer objectives and customer satisfaction (customer satisfaction), superior service (Service Excellence), competence, efficiency, transparency, fair competition and competitive, everything has become a picture of personal and business ethics Muhammad when he was younger .
In his day, he became a pioneer of trade based on the principles of honesty, fair business transactions, and healthy. He did not hesitate to socialize in the form of direct education and unequivocal statement to the traders. By the time he became head of state, law enforcement actually enforced to the businessmen naughty. He is also the introduction of the principle of “Facta Sur servanda” which we know as the main principle in the civil law and the agreement. In the hands of would assume there is a supreme power to carry out the transaction, which is built on the basis of mutually agreed “Surely transaction was (required) based on mutually agreed (ridha) ….” To act hoarding, he emphatically stated: “It is not the the hoarding of goods (ihtikar), except definitely wrongdoers (sin)”
As a debtor, the Prophet Muhammad SAW never showed default (default) to creditors. He often paid before the due date as it represents over 40 dirham loan from Abdullah Ibn Abi Rabi ‘. Often even greater returns given the value of the loan principal, as a tribute to the creditor. One time he had to borrow a camel young, then sent Abu Rafi ‘restore it with good camel that he was seven years old. “Give him the camel, because the most important is the people who make up the debt with the most excellent way” (HR.Muslim).
We as Muslims do not take credit for the success we attain. We believe and vow that we have no power and no strength, and leave matters to the One in Whose hand they are and all blessings are from Him.
We do not constantky strive for worldly goods and material. Or should have envy of those that do. We remember we are travellers in this dunya.
“Indeed! We have made that which is on the earth adornment for it that We may test them [as to] which of them is best in deed.” [Quran, 18: 7]
Thus, it is clear that the life in this world is nothing but a great examination of one`s reliance on Islamic Guidelines as human being is constantly persuaded towards the beautification of many distractions and longings on earth.
Ibn Al-Kathir also mentions in his tafsir that the Sunnah encourages us reciting this Dua (i.e., in the Ayah about gaining a good deed in this life and the Hereafter). Al-Bukhari reported that Anas bin Malik narrated that the Prophet used to say:
Rabbana Atina Fid Dunya Hasanah Dua
(O Allah, our Lord! Give us that which is good in this life, that which is good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the Fire.)
[Talk given in Niagara Falls by Muhammad Al Shareef]